Flat Foot Deformity Treatments

Podiatry & Foot and Ankle Surgery located in Peoria, AZ

Flat Feet

Flat Foot Deformity Treatments

Flatfoot (Pes Planus) deformity, often simply referred to as "flat feet," is a condition where the arches of the feet are flattened, allowing the entire sole to come in close contact with the ground. This condition can affect one or both feet and can result in a range of symptoms, from none at all to severe discomfort and mobility issues. 

Flat Feet Q&A


What Causes Flatfoot Deformity?

Flatfoot deformity can arise from various causes, including genetics, injury, arthritis, or weakened muscles due to aging. In children, flat feet are often observed as a normal condition that corrects itself as the child grows and the foot arch develops. However, in some adults, the condition can develop as a result of excessive foot strain or as a consequence of underlying health conditions such as obesity, diabetes, or hypertension.


Symptoms of Flatfoot Deformity

Many individuals with flat feet experience no symptoms and may not even be aware of their condition. However, in cases where the deformity leads to the misalignment of the foot, symptoms might include:

  • Pain in the foot, especially in the heel or arch area
  • Swelling along the inside of the ankle
  • Pain that worsens with activity
  • Difficulty standing on tiptoe
  • Feet tiring easily


Diagnosing Flatfoot Deformity

Diagnosis of flatfoot deformity typically involves a physical examination by a healthcare provider. During the examination, the provider will observe the feet from the front and back, ask the patient to stand on their toes, and might conduct a series of tests to assess the severity of the deformity. In some cases, imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRIs may be recommended to further evaluate the condition and rule out other possible causes of foot pain.


Treatment Options

The treatment for flatfoot deformity varies depending on the severity of the condition and the presence of symptoms. In asymptomatic cases, treatment may not be necessary. However, for those experiencing discomfort or pain, several treatment options are available:

  • Orthotic devices: Custom orthotic devices can be prescribed to support the arch and redistribute pressure away from the affected area.  Learn More About Orthotics.
  • Stretching exercises: Specific exercises can help stretch and strengthen the foot and Achilles tendon, reducing symptoms.
  • Physical therapy: A physical therapist can provide targeted exercises and therapies to strengthen the foot and leg muscles.
  • Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, where conservative treatments have failed to alleviate symptoms, surgical intervention may be considered to correct the deformity.



Living with Flatfoot Deformity

For many, flatfoot deformity is a manageable condition that does not impede daily activities. With the right treatment plan, individuals can relieve pain, improve foot function, and maintain an active lifestyle. It's important for those with flat feet to wear supportive shoes, maintain a healthy weight, and follow their healthcare provider's recommendations to manage their condition effectively.

To learn more about innovative flat foot treatments, call Acacia Foot and Ankle Surgeons today or use the online scheduling tool.